• The authors are cordially invited to submit significant new findings of their research work papers in word formats to the journal via online submission
  • The editorial board welcomes original novel contributions and reviews in word format. By submission of a manuscript an author certifies that the work is original and is not being considered simultaneously by other journals.
  • All articles are subjected to critical reviews by referees.
  • Authors are requested to prepare the manuscript according to the journal “Instructions for Authors” guidelines. Please see the journal template.
  • Please fill the copyright form.

 Checklist for Submission

  • Names, institutions, addresses, e-mails and ORCID numbers of all authors.
  • An abstract of 300 words with subsections of purpose, methodology, findings and conclusion.
  • 5 keywords and 3 JEL codes.
  • Tables, figures and formulas denoted by serial numerals.
  • References cited in the required format of the journal.
  • The full text (word file) including abstract, references, tables, figures and appendices.
  • A plagiarism/similarity report (e.g. iThenticate, up to 15% excluding quotes, bibliography, abstract and method). (pdf file)
  • The copyright form (pdf file)

 Instruction for Authors

  • A paper should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work.
  • The total length of any manuscript submitted must not exceed 30 pages.
  • Papers should be written in clear and concise language.
  • Calibri font is required with single space. The font size of title of the paper is 11 PT, all other titles are 10 PT and all sentences/text and tables are 9 PT.
  • All site margins are set to 4 cm.
  • Abstract should not exceed 300 words. Abstract must be presented separately for purpose, methodology, findings and conclusion.
  • All authors must provide email, post address and ORCID.
  • Provide 3 JEL codes and 5 keywords defining the paper at best.
  • No footer, header or page numbers required.
  • Name each file with your last name of the first author.

Titles of the paper

  • The main title must concise and informative and should not exceed the 60 characters (12-15 words) including spaces. Avoid abbreviations and formulas where possible.
  • Title of the paper is set in left sided, bold, 11 font size and single spaced.
  • Subtitles must be numbered as 2., 2.1., 2.1.1. etc. decimally with bold letters. All headings should be written in bold but only the first letters of the subtitles should be capital. Spacing before and after a heading (6 nk) needs to be provided.


  • Name and last name of the author/s with the name and address of the institution must be given.
  • E-mail addresses and ORCID numbers of all authors must be provided.
  • Corresponded author needs to be stated. Otherwise, the first authors is assumed as corresponded author.

Abstracts and Keywords

  • All papers must have an abstract not more than 300 words of clear, informative and giving significant objectives, methodology, findings and conclusion in the paper.
  • 5 keywords must be provided for the purpose of indexing and information retrieval.
  • 3 JEL codes must be provided to classify the paper.


  • The paper must be divided into sections and subheadings starting preferably with “Introduction” and ending with “Conclusion” and “Implications” followed by “Acknowledgement”.


  • The tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible.
  • Tables are to be typed single-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes.
  • Each table should be numbered consecutively and supplied with a heading and a legend.
  • The title should be placed at the top.  Explanatory information and experimental conditions should be given as a note at the bottom.


  • All illustrations/figures must be numbered consecutively.
  • They should be cited in the text as Figure 1, Figure 2, and so on. Begin each legend with a title at the top of the illustration and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript.
  • Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution (300 dpi) JPEG before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file.


  • All papers cited in the text, tables, and figures must be included in the list of references.
  • Authors should monitor references at all phases of manuscript preparation. References in the text should be cited by author and year. Single author: Clark (2004) or (Clark, 2004). Two authors: Gupta and Clark (2015) or (Gupta and Clark, 2012). More than two authors: Gupta etal. (2015) or (Gupta et al., 2015).
  • In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like a and b after the date to distinguish the works.


  • References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order using APA styles.
  • Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list.
  • Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.
  • All the references must be in the following order.


  • Surname, Name, (Publication Year). Name of Book. Publishing, Place of Publication, ISBN.
  • Mercer, P.A., Smith, G., (1993). Private Viewdata in the UK. England, ISBN: 22-282987-88


  • Surname, Name, (Publication Year). Name of article. Name of Journal, Volume Number and Page Numbers.
  • Evans, W.A., (1994). Approaches to intelligent information retrieval. Information Processing and Management, 7(2), 147-168.


  • Surname, Name, (Publication Year). Title of manuscript. Name of Conference Bulletin, Date and Conference Place, Place of Publication: Publishing, Page Numbers
  • Silver, K., (1991). Electronic Mail: The new way to communicate. 9th International Online Information Meeting, December 3-5, 1990, London, Oxford: Learned Information, 323-330.


  • Surname, Name, (Publication Year). Name of thesis. Master’s Degree/Doctorate, Name of Institute.
  • Agutter, A.J., (1999). The linguistic significance of current British Slang. Thesis (PhD), Edinburgh University.

Web Pages

  • Surname, Name, (Year). Title [online], (Edition), Place of Publication, Web address: URL
  • Holland, M., (2002). Guide to citing internet sources [online], Poole, Bournemouth University,  [Date Accessed: November 4, 2021].


  • Footnotes should be avoided as far as possible.
  • Essential footnotes may, however, be indicated by superscripted reference marks (*, @, 1).

 Statement of Human and Animal Rights

  • When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed are in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised in 2000).
  • If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
  • When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Proofs and Reprints

  • Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors. Authors are advised to check their proofs very carefully before return.
  • Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. The Editorial Board reserves the right to make changes like typographical or minor clerical errors if necessary mainly to improve the quality of the paper.
  • Authors will have free electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article and the underlying issue. Authors can freely download the PDF files from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

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